Surfactants and adjuvants are closely related to each other. In terms of pest control and controlling unwanted invasive plants that may harm your vegetation or utility management, these chemical substances are your go-to solution.
People know the primary use of these products but have not bothered understanding their scientific components and essence.
Improving and knowing more of its capability and the toxicity of these products might open new doors for helping your field and how to take extra precautions when using them.
In this article, you will understand the importance and other functionalities of adjuvants and surfactants. We will further explain and recommend reputable companies where you can get the best products.
Get To Know Your Activator Agents
Adjuvants are the active ingredient in herbicides, pesticides, and fungicides. It enhances their action and reduces toxicities. Adjuvant formulations are available in different kinds.
The key ingredients of many pesticides and some herbicides are,
- Propylene glycol
- Sodium benzoate (an organic ingredient)
- Sugar beet pulp, calcium phosphate
- Sodium lauryl sulfates (SLS), ammonium phosphate
- Disodium lauryl sulfates (LDLS)
- Ammonium phosphate
These ingredients are combined with carrier oils or silica gel to give a specific strength to the formulation. Adjuvants can mix in an amount appropriate for the intended application.
There is a wide range of herbicides and pesticides that use these organic materials. Herbicide coatings, which protect plants from termite and other insect damage, contain chemical and non-chemical components.
Most herbicide coatings have a limited shelf life. However, there are several quality adjuvants on the market that extend the shelf life of herbicide coatings.
The most common type of ingredient used in pesticides and herbicides is a surfactant. A fine mist of water containing a specific surfactant is targeted directly to the surface.
The surfactant is designed to minimize or absorb surface tension between the particles and the spray solution, thus increasing the contact time between the spray solution and the surface.
The larger the surface area of the sprayed substance, the faster the surfactant will decrease the surface tension. This type of adjuvant is very effective at reducing plant surface tension, and as a result, herbicides with this property have become the most commonly used in herbicide formulations.
Adjuvants are usually wetting agents. And because they reduce the surface tension of a substance, they also prevent the migration from its original location.
A substance can be coated by another easily. Slip resistance is a common problem associated with certain types of spray solutions. It is often not an issue when using wetting agents have.
For example, herbicides decrease soil erosion and improve weed control by preventing weeds from taking root and spreading. Wetting agents can also help avoid herbicide spray drift.
In addition to differences in how they work, there are also essential differences in what they look like. The dropper tip operates to push herbicide solution through spray lines and into herbicide treatment beds.
Dropper tips come in different sizes and are for specific applications. Dropper tips are typically made out of polyethylene and are sold in different colors depending on the application.
Herbicide injection lines are generally huge and designed to accommodate larger quantities of chemicals. These lines require larger and thicker dropper tips.
Some of the most commonly used adjuvants and surfactants are aerosol sprays. As the name implies, these spray solutions have droplets that exit the container.
These droplets are highly viscous and have a low boiling point. Using spray products that contain high boiling points increases the chances that the surface will spray directly. This increased surface contact leads to a faster drying time and more direct spraying.
Only Rely On A Trustworthy Ally
It’s not an easy task to wrap all this information in your head in just a snap. It requires extensive research and a background in chemistry.
As stated earlier, using chemicals has its own risk, and without proper guidance or introduction to adjuvants and surfactants, it can cause harm to your vegetation, or worse, yourself. Avoid doing things on your own without reliable information or knowledge of the substances.